Full name: English Springer Spaniel Dog
Type: Medium Dogs
Height :18-21 inches (46-53 cm)
English name: Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Country of Origin: England
Weight :40-55 pounds (18-25 kg)
Hair length: Longhair
Function: Retriever | gun dog | Companion dog
Life: About 12-14 years
The English Springer Spaniel is the founder of all English hunting spaniel breeds. Throughout the Renaissance, these dogs were considered to be the hunting companion of choice by the Europeans. The extreme popularity of this breed started in 1700. The English Springer Spaniel acquired its name from the process by which it flushes game-they are known to “spring” forward to drive birds away from their hiding places. In addition to being a top-notch hunter, this breed is also an outstanding retriever. The English Springer Spaniel has several natural abilities, including hunting, retrieving, tracking, competitive obedience, watching, agility, and trick-performing. The English Kennel Club officially recognized the English springer spaniel in 1902, English Springer Spaniel was recognized by the AKC in 1910. The English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association was formed in 1924, and field trials were held for the first time. And by 1927, the breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club.
The vast majority of English Springer Spaniels are calm, even-tempered, and gentle. They are sociable, outstanding with children, and intelligent. They are playful, quick to learn, and they are obedient, and responsive to commands. They are Brave, energetic, pleasant, and cheerful, and they love to wag their tails. This breed generally loves everyone, and they are happiest when they are spending the majority of their time in the company of people. If neglected or confined, this breed can become bored and mischievous. Because they love water so much, they enjoy getting wet and muddy. Except for birds, the English Springer Spaniel is usually good with other dogs and animals. They are sometimes aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex. As with other popular dog breeds, subtleties in temperament will vary from specimen to specimen.
A versatile breed, these dogs do well with training. They are eager and quick learners but can be headstrong. Their first love is to hunt and find game. For this reason, they do best when the training involves the sport of hunting.
Offensive to human desire, or desire to attack other dogs, dogs do not fit in with the characteristics of a fault.
English Springer Spaniel is a medium-sized sporting dog, compact body, and tails. Medium length hair, the legs, ears, chest, abdomen feathered. His drooping ears, soft, gentle expression, firm structure, and a friendly tail swing, announced that he is no doubt that the old English Springer Spaniel is a member of the family. First, he must be a well-balanced dog with no exaggeration at all. The parts all seem elegant and harmonious. His posture is proudly standing, body deep, legs strong and muscular, with enough length, can easily support the body.
On the whole, English Springer Spaniel appears to have strength, stamina, and very agile. He seems, is that under challenging conditions in the hunting, and can hold the dog. English Springer Spaniel is the best look stylish, well-balanced, smooth, and warm; the movement is entirely dog, English Springer Spaniel with a distinct feature, combined with the beauty and utility.
Ideal size Height: Male: 19-21 inches (48-56 cm) Female: 18-20 inches (46-51 cm) Weight: Male: 45-55 pounds (20-25 kg) Female :40-50 pounds (18-23 kg)
Head: the impression is not very heavy. It is lovely, a combination of strength and refinement. The most important is its size and the proportion of other parts of the balance. Observed from the contour, the length of the head and neck to the length of integration into the body at approximately the same. The stop, eyebrows, and the orbital bone structure around the show English Springer Spaniel beautiful and unique expression alert, friendly, and trusting. Eyes: compared to another part of the English Springer Spaniel attractive basis. The correct size, shape, position, and color of his face and attractive. Eyes are medium size, oval, relatively open location points, and in the orbital cavity deeper. Eye color and coat color coordination, liver and white dog, hazel eye color is dark color; black and white dog, black or brown eye color. Eye rims fully pigmented, and coat color to match. Eyelids tight, no or very little haw revealed. Eyes small, round, prominent, and the color is yellow or brass color, are serious faults. Ears: long and fairly wide, hanging close to cheek, there is no sign erected or out. Ear thin, roughly the length can be extended to the tip of the nose. The right eyes and ears in the same location should be level, and can not in the position of the head too far. Head: medium length, top of the extensive, flat, side, and back slightly arched. Occipital bone is not obvious. Former head faces up, starting from the stop, the middle groove, or the slight separation groove between the eyes. Groove extended to the middle of the forehead when he disappeared. Overall, the stop is moderate. It (stop) is not in the face should be very prominent; more like the tone of the junction with the head of the fine increase. But it is the groove, the position and shape eyebrows stressed, is very well developed eyebrows. Muzzle: The length of the skull length approximately equal to half the width of only the head. Observed from the contour, tone, and contour of the head generally parallel to each other. Bridge of the nose: bone straight to the tip of the nose so far, no sign of bending down, which will cause the appearance of the faceplate, is a fault. Nasal bone is neither bent downwards to form a “plate” face; not protruding upward to form a Roman nose. The cheeks are flat, the face under the eyes was sharply defined. Jaws: The length sufficient to allow easy carrying back his prey. Very close to square, tilt, and strong. Upper lip hanging down, was four-square, cover the jawline, however, can not be exaggerated lips droop. The nose is fully pigmented, liver or black, and hair color match. Nose: open and wide. Teeth: strong, clean, size appropriate, scissors bite is ideal. Clamp-like bite or two incisors slightly from 1 to deviate from the alignment line are minor flaws. Overshot bite, bite, or undershot jaw is a serious distortion of the defect and the need for severe penalties.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck of moderate length, muscular, clean, slightly arched top. Gradually and smoothly into sloping shoulders. From the withers to the root of the tail, this part of the backline firm and very slightly sloping. Body joints short, sturdy, and compact. Chest deep, extending to the elbow, chest well developed; however, it must not be too full or too round, and interfere with forelimb movements. Ribs long, the body gradually propped up the middle, and close to the tapered end of the site. Abdominal curve level, from the elbow to the flank, slightly tucked up. Back straight, sharp, substantially horizontal; loin is short, intense, slightly arched. Hip was beautiful round, smooth integration into the hind legs. Hips gradually tilted to the root of the tail; the tail position is a natural extension of the hip curve. View to maintain the level of the rear, or slightly higher, showing his characteristic lively, merry action, more evident in the game. Up the tail clip (look timid or unreliable) is a fault, whereas the tail like a terrier, as the backline with a 90-degree angle is also penalized.
Footer right before the structure can produce efficient movement. Blade flat, and very close to the top, smooth integration into the body curve. Ideally: from the withers to the shoulder blade and upper arm with joints, and then parts of this side of the elbow, shoulder blade and upper arm about the same length, and, upper arm and shoulder blade angle was about 90 degrees; so that the forearm and then the bottom of the right body position, and then the elbow just below the top of the scapula. Elbows close to the body. Forearm straight to the feet this side of the bone parts are the same size. Bones strong, slightly flat, not too round or too heavy. Pasterns short, sharp, somewhat bent, do not appear weak. Dewclaws usually removed. Feet are round or slightly oval. Compact and well arched, medium size, well-padded, feathering between the toes.
English Springer Spaniel, whether in work or the game, we need a healthy, muscular, and powerful hips and thighs. His whole show strong, powerful hindquarters and secure drive. Legs b are road and muscular. Knee strong. Taking into account the capabilities and efficiency, the angle of the hindquarters than forequarters must not, can not have any lack. Hock joint slightly rounded, not too small or too sharp contours. After the pasterns are short (about the distance from the hip to the feet of 1 / 3), reliable and bones healthy. From the rear, hind legs parallel to each other. Dewclaws usually removed. Feet as in front, except slightly smaller, and more compact.
English Springer Spaniel with outer coat and undercoat. In the body, the outer layer is medium length, flat or slightly wavy hair is easy to separate with the end, the undercoat short, soft and dense. The number of hair by the end of the season and climate. Hair and coat in the bottom joint protection, so that he can be waterproof, weather-resistant and can be protected from the thorns. English Springer Spaniel’s ears, chest, legs, and abdomen, there are many feathered feathering of moderate length, very thick. In the head, forelimbs front and hind legs below the hock in front of the hair is short and beautiful. Coat clean, shiny, “active” appearance, showing good health. In the head, ears, neck, and feet were cut and reasonable to death hair (off the end of hair), hair ornaments excess thinner, repair short to look more beautiful. Tail may be trimmed, or decorated in wavy hair to retain the edge. Overall, the appearance should appear natural, over-pruning, especially on the body coat, broken nose, hair ups, and downs, or appears to belong to the shape of false defects; Similarly, feathering too much of a neat outline of the dog exercise curve, it is a fault. Correct coat quality and style, then simply the number of coats, is more important.
The following color combinations and markings are acceptable, but the same status. (1) Black or liver ribbon with white markings or predominantly white with black or liver markings. (2) Blue or liver-colored variegated. (3) Color: black and white or liver and white, with brown markings, brown markings usually on the eyebrows, cheeks, inside ears, and tail. Whitecoat with a stain may be. No weird colors, such as lemon, red, or orange.
The structure of the English Springer Spaniel and the stability of the final test is to see the action. The premise is a perfect movement symmetrical structure. Forequarters and hindquarters have the same degree of angle and muscular, so smooth and natural gait. Shoulders are laid back, allowing a significant stride, can provide a powerful hindquarters as the driving force. Viewed from the side, English Springer Spaniel show the pace of a long stride, a stable back position, not tilted, arch, or side to side. From the front, the legs stretch forward swing look easy. Action from the shoulder to the elbow appears to extend; front legs do not cross or interfere with the signs. As the speed increases, the centerline of the body limbs together naturally Shoulong. Error gait includes: leg lift is too high; excess movement; low and the pace of ups and downs; oblique; paw points; also open, rear body roll, and rocking shows.
The English Springer Spaniel is an active breed that requires plenty of exercise. The dog enjoys long walks, games of fetch, and jogging alongside its master. The English Springer Spaniel is content to live in a small household or apartment if it receives it. This breed is adjustable and can adapt to life in the city. They are comparatively inactive indoors, and they are happiest with at least an average-sized yard. They love to retrieve and swim.
The coat of the field-type Springer is reasonably easy to maintain, and regular brushing with a stiff bristle brush will keep it looking good; while the show-type Springers’ skin needs more attention. Both need baths and dry shampoo only when necessary, but check the ears regularly for signs of infection. Springers with longer coats will mat if not brushed often, and particular attention needs to be given to the ears and the feet. If the hair is not kept shaved on the underside of the ears, it can lead to chronic ear infections. The hair on the feet needs to be trimmed to prevent burrs and foxtails from being embedded. The longer coats will pick up burrs and branches and need to be combed out after outside exercise, or it will mat badly. The show type Springer does not have as much coat as the American Cocker Spaniel, but it needs regular attention. This breed is a constant average shedder.
- The health concerns for the breed include;
- Glaucoma is a disease of increased pressure within the eye that leads to blindness.
- Hypothyroidism results when the thyroid organ does function normally.
- Epilepsy is a disorder characterized by seizures.
- Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the hip joint that leads to arthritis.
- Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) is a severe blood disorder that results in profound and life-threatening anemia.
- Food Allergy affected pets develop skin allergies due to a variety of food ingredients.
- Cutaneous histiocytoma is a benign tumor of the skin that can affect young dogs.
Also, the English springer spaniel is prone to ear infections and a condition called “rage” syndrome, which manifests itself with signs of uncontrollable aggression.
Also, although these occur infrequently, the following disorders have been reported:
- Patent ductus arteriosis (PDA) is a congenital disability caused by a blood vessel that usually closes after birth but remains open, resulting in the passage of extra volumes of blood into the lungs.
- Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital disability of the ventricular septum of the heart.
- Malassezia dermatitis is a yeast infection of the skin caused by Malassezia patchy dermatitis.
- Primary seborrhea causes scaly skin. Some dogs are born with a defect of the normal keratinization of the skin.
- Entropion is a problem with the eyelid that causes inward rolling. Lashes on the edge of the eyelid irritate the surface of the eyeball and may lead to more severe problems.
- Distichiasis is a condition in which there is growth of extra eyelashes from the glands of the upper or lower eyelid.
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) is a disorder of the eye that results when tear production is decreased.
- Pannus is a disease of the eye resulting in inflammation.
- Progressive retinal degeneration (PRA) is a disease that causes nerve cells at the back of the eye to degenerate. The condition can lead to blindness.
- Cutaneous asthenia is an inherited disorder of the collagen synthesis of the skin resulting in fragility and hyperextensibility of the skin.
- Megaesophagus is a dilatation of the esophagus caused by decreased contraction of the muscles, causing food regurgitation.
- Melanoma is a tumor arising from melanocytes, which are the cells that produce pigment.